Every year, thousands of people come to the United States, many with the hope and intention of remaining here permanently. Some of the newcomers are granted lawful permanent residence, which means that they are given a green card; others go through the lengthy process of becoming a U.S. citizen. How does each process work, and what are the and advantages and differences between Permanent Residence and Citizenship?
If someone comes to the United States with the intention of remaining here permanently, he or she may be eligible for a green card. There are various ways of getting a green card, such as marrying an American citizen or being sponsored by a close family member or a prospective employer, or being classified as a refugee or given asylum 취업이민 영주권.
The permanent resident cannot stay out of the United States for unlimited periods and is not allowed to cannot establish another home in another country. To do so would mean the loss of the green card as well as residency rights. The green card can also be revoked if the holder commits certain crimes such as espionage.
The green card gives the holder many rights of so-called natural-born U.S. citizens. The important right it does not give, however, is the right to vote. That is reserved for natural-born U.S. citizens and for those who become American citizens through the process known as naturalization. A person who becomes a U.S. citizen as a result of this process rather than being born in the U.S. or being the child of a U.S. citizen is said to be naturalized.
Although not everyone who holds a green card can or does become eligible for citizenship, the card is the first step in the naturalization process, which takes about five years overall. During that time, the person seeking citizenship must remain in the United States for at least 30 months. A person may qualify for naturalization in one of these ways: